Knee pain may be caused by increased knee stress caused by excessive physical activity, or it may result directly from knee injury. Knee pain can also be attributed to various diseases and infections. A proper diagnosis is essential in treating knee pain, treatment methods are tailored to the source of the problem and the severity of the pain.
Minor knee pain can be treated using conventional household methods, ice, rest, compression. Rest is vital to recovery, by staying away from activities that may aggravate the injury you give the body time to recover and prevent recurrence. The amount of time taken to heal depends on how serious the injury is.
Applying ice to the injured knee not only reduces inflammation but also relieves pain. Ice should be used in intervals of 15 to 20 minutes, as longer periods can cause damage to the nerve endings and affect circulation.
Compression prevents the build up of fluid in the knee joint, these fluids causes inflammation and may also lead to infections, making the affected joint tender to the touch. Compression bands can be purchased at nearly any store. Be sure it isn’t too tight when using a compression band, because this can hinder circulation in the knee and just intensify the pain.
Some knee pain management approaches include physiotherapy, bracing, drug use (pain relief, corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, etc.) and surgery. These methods of treatment should be applied after consultation with a physician.
Physiotherapy helps to strengthen the muscles, particularly the quadriceps and hamstring muscles, in and around the knee joint. This helps maintain leg stability and increasing the amount of strain the knee can bear before buckling. Effective physiotherapy reduces chances that certain accidents will recur.
Bracing is a common procedure used by osteoarthritis sufferers. It is simply the use of arch supports on the inner or outer portion of the heel to transfer pressure away from the part of the knee often affected by osteoarthritis, decreasing pain and discomfort considerably.
Drug use is also the most common and effective way of treating knee pain. Many topical ointments and pain killers over the counter go a long way toward relieving mild pain issues. Stronger prescription medicine is needed for more serious pain brought on by conditions such as arthritis or tendinitis. One such medicine is corticosteroid that is inserted into the knee joint to avoid the flares of arthritis and provide a few months of welcome relief.
Surgery may offer long-lasting, and in some cases permanent relief from knee pain though normally a last resort. Usually surgery is performed to drain fluids, restore tissue damage, remove obstructions and in rare cases replace a part or the entire knee joint. That can be very costly, and comprehensive physiotherapy is normally followed.
No matter the cause of your knee pain, there is always something that can be done, and even though full relief in cases of serious knee injury is not guaranteed; the little relief is more than welcome, after all how long it takes to raise your child or dance with that special individual. Good luck on that.